21 February 2015
Thursday morning I got a very puzzling e-mail. A collection agency informed me of an allegedly not paid invoice and threatened me with defaulted interest and overdue fines.
But, I conduct no business with Pay Bank AG. In addition the mail was sent from a GMX, a Germany based free mail service, address and not from the Pay Bank AG domain.
This was just another spam mail, but, compared to others, well and convincing written. The message was crystal clear: Open the attachment!
In the evening I checked the attachment and found nested zip files. The inner zip file contained a program that appeared to be the data-gathering malware Win32/Zbot.gen!plock (TROJ_DLOADR.JCQ). Fortunately the anti-malware program on my computer removed the malware during download to my hard disk.
Sending malware in nested zip files ensures that the anti-malware systems on the e-mail provider’s mail-in servers become not aware of the malicious attachments. Scanning of archives is very time-consuming because the anti-malware system has to open the archive and to scan all files inside. Therefore nearly all anti-malware systems are configured to ignore nested zip files..
But what amazed me was that apparently no e-mail provider runs an in-depth scan of attachments. From the e-mail header I found that the mail was sent from the attacker’s computer PC14-050 to mail.gmx.com (GMX) and via mailin55.aul.t-online.de (T-Online) to SNT004-MC3F11.hotmail.com (Microsoft).
Since the malicious attachment wasn’t removed on his way to the inbox on my computer, GMX, T-Online and Microsoft use a similar, inadequate anti-malware configuration on their mail-in servers. As always, the last line of defense is the anti-malware system on the end-user’s computer.
In my opinion, this is an enormous waste of resources. Every day millions of malicious attachments clog the internet because of inadequate anti-malware configurations. We could save a lot of bandwidth for really important business, and much hassle, if mail-in servers would just reject any e-mail that has known malicious attachments.
That’s it for today. Please configure the anti-malware program, which is installed on your computer, to perform in-depth scans of attachments. Safety has priority over speed!
Have a good weekend.